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In 1922 electric commercial trucks were widely used in many large cities across the USA. This reprint book goes over electric vehicle technology as it existed in 1922, as well as the economic benefits that electric commercial truck owners enjoyed. The book contains financial data from several companies showing lower operational cost - due to lower fuel cost and lower maintenance cost - over equivalent gasoline powered commercial trucks, and for that matter over horse drawn commercial trucks. Apparently in 1922 horse powered trucks were still a thing.

This book is also available as an eBook from (amazon.com) amazon.com: The Electric Vehicle Handbook of 1922, Revisited

Green Transportation News

Press junket review of the Renault Zoe Z.E 50, 3rd generation of Europes most popular electric car

Published Date: August 14, 2019 The new Renault Zoe has over 230 miles range, thanks to a 52 kiloWatt-hour battery pack, 50 kW CCS fast charging, better performance, and lots of technical improvements. Styling-wise it's very similar to the previous Zoe's.

How well does a Tesla Model S stand up after 212,000+ miles?

Published Date: July 20, 2019 This 2014 Tesla Model S has been driven a LOT, with lots of cross-country trips, lots of supercharging, kids and animals and everything else. Other than several swapped drive units, the car is in excellent condition and is running very well. For example in the last 2 years the car has not seen the inside of a Service Center, for a 5 year old car with over 200,000 miles.

Bjorn Nyland's review of the 2019 Kia e-Soul (Norway)

Published Date: July 20, 2019 The 2019 Kia e-Soul is the first version of the Soul EV with a 60 kiloWatt-hour battery pack. This gives about 180 miles up to 240 miles of range (or thereabouts). Lots of improvements have been made over the previous models, such as a wider infotainment screen that is more customizable. It has driver assist features like maintaining speed to the car in front. The e-Soul is longer than previous models, and that has given the cargo area a much-needed oomph in cargo space. One big concern is ground clearance, since the larger battery pack hangs lower. As a bonus, this post contains several other videos by Bjorn about the e-Soul.

Electric ferry between Sweden and Denmark will make nearly 20,000 crossings a year

Published Date: May 14, 2019 Ferry boats run every day many times a day carrying passengers, and their cars and trucks, and by switching to electric ferry systems can prevent a tremendous amount of diesel fuel from being burned. Such ships typically burn low grade "bunker fuel" but an electric ferry of course burns nothing. These ships are also so massive to make it seem an impossibility, but here is what is called an "existence proof".

CEDP 2012 Gakona's machine to convert Plastic to Oil-based fuels (gasoline, diesel, etc)

Published Date: May 2, 2019 Common plastic is actually made from fossil fuels. It's possible to convert plastic into a liquid fuel. Heating the plastic makes a toxic flammable gas that is then condensed to a liquid fuel. The result is a liquid fuel burnable in an internal combustion engine, and this liquid fuel is sourced from what would otherwise be filling a landfill. Some companies are setting up commercial distilling operations to remove plastics from waste streams to create fuel.

Building DIY "Powerwall" using 18650 cells

Published Date: Tesla Motors makes it look easy, just throw a bunch of 18650 cells in a box and call it a battery pack. Some, therefore, decide to build their own at home. These videos demonstrate the ideas, but I would not follow all their recommendations. For example, a BMS is extremely important.

Electrify America expanding EV charging network

Published Date: October 18, 2018

The multiple EV charging networks with differing membership capabilities have been a big hindrance for public EV charging. EV owners have had to maintain memberships in multiple networks, and have faced the challenge of only charging at stations where they have a membership. This agreement enables "roaming" similar to how we are able to use any ATM machine -- meaning they're implementing a system of agreements with other EV charging operators to form a larger charging network.

Electrify America announces second $200 million zero emission vehicle investment plan for California

Published Date: October 3, 2018

Volkswagen's investment into Electrify America is increasing.

Mazda announces electrification and connectivity strategy for cars that invigorate mind and body

Published Date: October 2, 2018

Mazda is all about engines, and therefore one should not be surprised to learn their "electrification strategy" is "compact, lightweight electrification technologies while further refining the internal combustion engine". As Mazda puts it, internal combustion engine vehicles are expected to be in the majority of new cars for years to come. Either Mazda is stuck in engines, or they're aptly pointing out the conversion to fully electric drive will take years to accomplish.

BMW upgrades BMW i3 battery pack to 120 Ah cells, 260 kilometers range

Published Date: September 28, 2018

BMW has upgraded the BMW i3 battery pack to cells with 120 Ah capacity, and a total energy capacity of 42 kiloWatt-hours. Because the i3 is built with carbon-fiber its energy efficiency is vastly superior to all other electric cars, giving the i3 more driving range than implied by the 42 kWh pack, or a total expected driving range of 260 kiloMeters. That's a 30% improvement over previous model years.

Lucid Motors providing customers with access to Electrify America ultra-fast-charging network

Published Date: September 25, 2018

Lucid Motors, a new luxury electric car startup company, has announced an agreement with Electrify America regarding a nationwide fast charging plan. The Lucid Motors car can support ultra fast EV charging, and the company plans to go to production in 2020. It just so happens that Electrify America is building a nation-wide network of fast charging stations, with charging power up to 350 kiloWatts. The immediate goal is that by June 2019 the company will have over 2,000 DC fast charging locations across a large portion of the USA. Such a network is required in order to be competitive against Tesla Motors.

Energy Department Announces $5 Million for Energy Planning, Innovative Energy Practices, and Technical Assistance in 16 States

Published Date: September 21, 2018 To hear the rhetoric about the Trump Administration, they are gutting all environmental and renewable energy projects and we are headed back to the dark ages in government policies of all kinds. The reality is that the Dept of Energy is continuing to fund renewable energy and energy efficiency project, and the project funding announced here is an excellent example. This is a $5 million package of funding in three areas - "Energy Planning" at the state level, "Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy" and other "Clean Energy Activities". I have no idea whether the funding level has decreased or not, just that the DoE is regularly making similar announcements to this, demonstrating that funding is not $0.

Audi goes Electric: All-Electric Audi E-Tron SUV unveiled, US Customers can place reservations

Published Date: September 18, 2018

Audi began talking about the E-Tron in 2011, IIRC, and has shown several different cars under this name. They've settled on this, an all-electric luxury SUV. This car has a lot going for it, with plenty of cargo space, to a high power drive train, a dual motor drive train with very good performance, high power 150 kiloWatt fast charging, and a 95 kiloWatt-hour battery pack. Curiously this press release keeps reiterating ways Audi engineers designed-in energy saving features to extend driving range. Why would that be? What's going on. The Audi E-Tron should equal the Tesla Model X in luxury, capabilities, driving range, charging speed, though not quite in raw performance. Unfortunately, Audi designed in a huge flaw: the E-Tron is only available on special order. Therefore, Audi is not serious at this time in competing with Tesla. If Audi were serious about this they'd simply take the E-Tron to production and go head-to-head with Tesla.

Audi renewable electricity, charging station installation, and charging location designs

Published Date: September 18, 2018

With the newly unveiled Audi E-Tron, Audi is showing off several EV charging connections. In a deal with Arcadia Power, E-Tron buyers can make a deal to buy renewable energy via a Community Solar program. In a deal with Amazon, E-Tron buyers can have charging stations installed by Amazon Home Services. Finally, Audi showed a concept charging facility design in San Francisco.

Nissan announces U.S. pricing for 2019 LEAF

Published Date: September 15, 2018 The Nissan Leaf is still one of the most affordable electric cars available. However, how can one justify a Leaf when for about the same price GM offers the Chevy Bolt with a larger range. Having a 150 mile range in the Leaf is a big step forward over the 72 mile range on the 2011 Leaf, but the competition has a 238 mile range for not much more. Surely this is why GM is selling more Bolt's than Nissan is selling Leaf's.

Electrifying power for supreme driving pleasure: the new BMW X5 xDrive45e iPerformance.

Published Date: September 7, 2018

BMW is unveiling an updated version of the BMW X5 Plug-in Hybrid SUV. It is primarily a fossil-fuel powered SUV, with electric assist and a meager all-electric range.

Nissan and EVgo open 'I-95 Fast Charging Arc' - EV driving between Boston and Washington DC

Published Date: September 6, 2018

Nissan and EVgo have teamed up on another "Arc", meaning a series of EV Fast Charging stations connecting points A and B. In this case the route between Boston and Washington DC seems, going by the PlugShare map, to be already well-populated with fast charging services. More charging stations are certainly a good thing, however, and will encourage more of us to drive electric on longer trips. In this case it appears the maximum charging rate is 50 kW, which isn't sufficient for road trips, but the press release also says the facilities have been designed to support 150 kiloWatt fast charging in the future.

Mercedes-Benz reveals EQC, the all-electric SUV with which it hopes to challenge Tesla

Published Date: September 4, 2018 Has Mercedes-Benz designed a Tesla-killer? There is a lot to tackle in challenging Tesla, because of the range of services Tesla offers beyond just selling cars. To offer an all-electric luxury SUV indicates Mercedes-Benz is feeling the heat from the Tesla Model X, and is seeking to do something in response. MBZ is well known for luxury cars, and we can assume Tesla will be challenged by the EQC on that front. On performance metrics, the MBZ is very powerful, delivering a very good sub-five-second 0-60 miles/hr time, but the performance Model X of course beats that time. Also, the battery pack is smaller at 80 kiloWatt-hours, and the charging system is less powerful at "only" 110 kiloWatts, meaning that EQC owners will have slightly less autonomy than Model X owners. Finally, the production rate is not specified. Will MBZ try to build as many cars as does Tesla? If not, MBZ will be left in the dust wondering what happened.

Test drive-review of the 2014 Brammo Empulse R, with Eric Bostrom to explain what is new

Published Date: August 20, 2018 After 70 miles of hard canyon riding in canyons outside Los Angeles, the guys (Troy Saiahan and Eric Bostrom) found they could keep up with the 600cc sport bikes, and ride all day without thermal cutbacks. That is a big improvement over previous models where thermals were a big concern. The transmission in the 2014 model is a lot smoother than a couple years before.

2016 Victory Empulse TT test drive review

Published Date: August 17, 2018 How far can you go on one charge with a 2016 Empulse TT? Tested by visiting vegitarian burrito places across the Los Angeles area. The Victory Empulse is a rebadged Brammo Empulse, after Polaris (corporate parent of Victory Motorcycles) bought out Brammo's assets. The Empulse TT was meant to be a race version of the Empulse, originally developed for TTXGP racing.

Comparing 2013 Zero S against 2013 Brammo Empulse R

Published Date: August 17, 2018 This test-drive-review-video by Motorcycle.com compares the two leading electric motorcycles of 2013, the 2013 Zero S and the 2013 Brammo Empulse R. The first contrast made is to claim the Zero is simpler, no transmission etc means that someone can just get on and ride, while the Empulse R requires more involvement from the rider due to the transmission. Brammo has an advantage in charging time due to built-in J1772 port and 3 kW charging, versus the Zero having built-in 120 volt charging at 1 kW. The Empulse in that era had a beefier controller than did the Zero S, it wasn't until one or two years later that Zero started supplying a beefier controller in the Zero SR model. Bottom line, the Zero is a better commuter bike while the Brammo is a better sport bike.

Elon Musk overworked, ill-considered tweets about going private making Tesla Board look for a #2

Published Date: August 16, 2018

A few days ago Elon Musk idly tweeted that he's considering taking Tesla private at $420 per share, and that funding is lined up. At least this wasn't posted on April 20. After initial excitement some realists started studying this, asked where the funding was, the SEC started mulling a stock manipulation investigation, and so on. And now the NY Times has an article following an hour-long interview with Musk, describing him as overworked, and the Board is worried and is looking for someone to take over some of Musk's responsibilities.

Energy Storage in Hydrogen: Does this beat batteries?

Published Date: August 15, 2018 The Hydrogen Economy is attractive in certain ways.

Internal GM EV1 training video before the EV1 launch

Published Date: August 15, 2018 As we all know, it is the customer that will ultimately determine the fate of a product. In this video GM executive Bob Purcell seems to be stressing the importance and criticality of the GM EV1. The video includes a very interesting overview of over 100 years of electric vehicle history. This history makes a strong case for GM as a leader in electric vehicle development. Ahem.

Tom Hanks says the EV1 drives fast enough to get a speeding ticket

Published Date: August 15, 2018 Appearing on Dave Letterman's show, Tom Hanks describes the experience of driving his EV1. Parts of this video of course appeared in Who Killed the Electric Car.

An EV1 survivor at Ohio State Univ, modified and used for research

Published Date: August 15, 2018 This EV1 is at Ohio State University, and the University agreed to keep it off public roads and to use the car solely for research. At the time of filming, this model was non-functional and had been modified.

An EV1 was resurrected against all odds

Published Date: August 15, 2018 When GM crushed the EV1's, a few were kept from being crushed. Some of them were put in museums or universities. In every case GM made the recipient sign an agreement and to rip out boards and cut wires and so on. This video shows one person describing how they resurrected a GM EV1.

GM EV1 Overview -- The car of the future today

Published Date: August 15, 2018 This video goes over the GM EV1 as a brand new car design.

Early EV activists staged this funeral for the EV1 before GM crushed the cars

Published Date: August 15, 2018 As shown in Who Killed the Electric Car, GM and the other automakers ended their electric car programs when CARB watered down the ZEV requirements. To raise attention, EV activists held a mock funeral for the EV1 as soon as GM announced they'd call back the cars from the lease-holders. Parts of the funeral were shown in Who Killed the Electric Car.

The first day GM EV1 was available for leasing -- December 5, 1996

Published Date: August 15, 2018 This video was made the first day the GM EV1 was available for leasing. It features interviews with some of those leasing the car, as well as news reports. The news reports gave faint praise to the car, citing all kinds of problems while saying nothing of the benefits.

Driving the EV1 in final week of ownership, by Darrell Dickey

Published Date: August 15, 2018 This video goes over the GM EV1 as a brand new car design. Understandably Darrell wanted to record the EV1 for posterity, to keep alive the memory that electric cars had existed. I think he was purposely squeeling the tires to show off.

GM had crazy advertising for the EV1, enough to make us wonder if GM was undermining the EV1

Published Date: August 15, 2018 You would think after spending $1 Billion in research and development costs on the EV1, that GM would want to actually sell a lot of the cars. But, these advertisements did little to convey anything positive about the EV1. Would these advertisements raise interest? Or would they make folks shy away from electric cars?

Home video of the 1999 GM EV1

Published Date: August 15, 2018 This home video shows off the 1999 version of the GM EV1. As he says below, at first it gave 120 miles range but that fell to 70 miles after 2 years.

LA Times interviews of Brammo Empulse at time of May 2012 launch

Published Date: August 15, 2018 In May 2012, Brammo finally revealed the Empulse after delaying it for a year to slip in a 6-speed transmission. This interview with LA Times reporter Susan Carpenter is a good overview of the bike. It also gives Brian Wismann a chance to explain the inclusion of the 6-speed transmission -- not only does it give motorcyclists the expected transmission, it gives a little more oomph off the line.

Kleenspeed sets electric car lap-time record at Sonoma Raceway

Published Date: August 11, 2018 In September 2012, Sonoma Raceway (previously known as Infineon Raceway) held an event focusing on Sustainable Performance, namely what electric vehicles have the best performance and hence will be attractive to fast drivers. At that event Kleenspeed (at the time still an active company developing electric drive train technology) brought its EV-X11 electric racecar to the track to set a lap speed record. The company had previously set lap-speed records at Laguna Seca International Raceway during a REFUEL event.

Airbus electric airplane flies continuously for 26 days, setting world record

Published Date: August 11, 2018

Airbus has flown an unmanned high-altitude airplane for 3 minutes shy of 26 days, beating an endurance record also owned by Airbus. The airplane combines solar panels and energy storage to enable continuous flight, and operates at a 70,000 foot altitude where there is little air turbulence. The primary goal for such an airplane is to implement a kind of very-low-orbit satellite -- that is, remaining at a very high altitude means such an airplane can perform reconnaisance or communications services like a satellite, but without the expense of launching a satellite into orbit.

The 70,000 foot altitude is above the weather, above regular air traffic, and for example is high enough to provide a very wide viewing angle for camera systems, or for telecommunication systems, that might be mounted on such a vehicle. By operating on solar power such an airplane could theoretically operate indefinitely. But of course it is useful for it to land every so often for maintenance.

A couple years ago the Solar Impulse solar electric airplane used a similar drive train to complete an around-the-world journey. In that case the airplane was manned, and therefore its time aloft was limited to pilot endurance. The longest flight of the Solar Impulse was from Japan to Hawaii and (if memory serves) took over five days.

Motoczysz preparing for the 2010 TTXGP/e-Power at Laguna Seca

Published Date: August 4, 2018 By 2010 the TTXGP did not run at the Isle of Man, but was running a series in North America and Europe, while the FIM ran a competing race series in Europe. One event, the FIM e-Power event at Laguna Seca, allowed the European racers who'd raced in e-Power to meet and race against the North American TTXGP bikes. MotoCzysz did not participate in the 2010 TTXGP North America, but did come to the e-Power event.

2010 TTXGP North America at Infineon Raceway (now Sonoma Raceway)

Published Date: August 4, 2018 In 2010 the TTXGP ran series in Europe and North America. The first of those two series was this race, in May 2010 at Infineon Raceway. This first round, unlike the subsequent rounds, garnered a lot of attention from international press. The videos shown here document various aspects of that race weekend. One point of interest was the battle between the Lightning bike, and the Zero/Agni bike, since the Lightning bike was clearly the more powerful but the Zero/Agni bike was more agile. The clincher was the controller on the Lightning turned itself off, and Michael Barnes had to sit on the sideline for 45 seconds (an eternity during a race) to reset it. Even with that, he managed to snag 2nd place. Another point of interest was when the Norton bike, ridden by Thad Wolff, built from a vintage Norton Featherbed chassis. It turned in a very credible performance until a cotter pin broke causing the drive train to fail.

Motoczysz at the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man

Published Date: August 4, 2018 MotoCzysz, a Portland-based motorcycle design company started by Michael Czysz, was one of the darlings of the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man. In these videos we see several aspects of their journey to the Isle of Man. Even though the MotoCzysz bike was extremely well designed by a smart team, it failed within a few miles of the start line with a blown motor.

Cedric Lynch and Agni Motors The Legend Vídeo Dailymotion

Published Date: August 4, 2018 In this interview with Cedric Lynch, Andy Marsh gets Cedric to tell the history of his electric motor design.

Cedric Lynch and Agni Motors The Legend Vídeo Dailymotion

Published Date: August 4, 2018 It was Cedric Lynch's motor, as built by Agni Motors, which won the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man. Cedric Lynch had been developing the motor since the 1980's, and several companies had used the design not always paying Cedric for the rights. Eventually he teamed up with Arvind Rabadia to start a motor factory in Gujurat India, and it was Agni Motors which sponsored the winning bike in 2009.

Lightning Motorcycle in 2011 discussing plans for 2012 racing season and electric superbike production

Published Date: August 4, 2018 The Lightning Electric Superbike is by some measures the fastest electric motorcycle in the world. In 2011 they set a land speed record of 215 miles per hour at the Bonneville Salt Flats, which is pretty darned fast -- especially considering this is a street-legal motorcycle, not a special-purpose land speed racer motorcycle. This video was made at the Long Beach Progressive international motorcycle Show and has Lightning CEO Richard Hatfield discussing the specifications of the bike, their racing plans for the 2012 season, and plans for bringing the motorcycle to production.

Brammo's Empulse R, review by Translogic

Published Date: August 4, 2018 Brammo first developed the Brammo RR, then developed the Empulse R using lessons learned from developing the RR. This video goes over the Empulse TTX, the race version of the Empulse R. The presenter goes to the Brammo production facility in Ashland Oregon, and features plenty of behind the scenes footage of the place as well as interviews with both Craig Bramscher and Brian Wismann.

Toyota doubles-down on zero emissions heavy-duty class 8 trucks

Published Date: July 31, 2018

Toyota is sticking with hydrogen fuel cells, this time for a class 8 heavy duty truck. The truck was unveiled at a meeting of the Center for Automotive Research, and increases the estimated range to more than 300 miles per fill. The vehicle operator has a larger sleeper cab than the previous iteration. The previous iteration began operation in April 2017 and has logged almost 10,000 miles of testing in real world service at the Ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles. Toyota plans to put the new vehicle into operation this fall.

The design uses the fuel cell drive train from the Toyota Mirai - two Mirai fuel cell stacks plus a 12 kiloWatt-hour battery pack.

The described target is not long-haul trucking, but drayage trucking. That is, the trucks driving back and forth between cargo ships and train depots and warehouses. There's a large number of these trucks the vast majority of which are diesel powered and produce a horrid form of air pollution.

Former Toyota business partner, Tesla, is targeting a different market with their battery-electric class 8 truck. Namely, the long haul trucking market.

Honda SmartChargeTM beta program helps electric vehicle drivers save money and reduce environmental footprint

Published Date: July 31, 2018

The most obvious time to recharge an electric car, immediately upon arriving home from work, is not the best for the grid. In the early evening is when the "duck curve" dictates a need to steeply ramp up fossil fuel electricity production because the sun is setting lessening solar power. It's necessary to instead orchestrate electricity demand, like electric car charging, to occur later at night when demand is lower and the grid has excess power.

Honda has struck a deal with eMotorWerks (a subsidiary of ENEL) to integrate eMotorWerks' JuiceNet platform, using that service to orchestrate the best timing of electric car charging. The eMotorWerks system taps pricing information from electricity grid operators to optimize electric car charging.

The current deal is to implement a beta program among Honda Fit EV "owners" to study optimum timing for electric car charging.

TTXGP AMA Mid-Ohio Event -- various views by John Adamo

Published Date: July 26, 2018 After the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man, the team came to Ohio for the AMA Vintage Motorcycle race event in late July 2009. The purpose was to acquaint the AMA organization with electric motorcycle racing, and in the 2010 season the TTXGP operated as a secondary race event at certain AMA races (Infineon Raceway, Road America in Wisconsin, Mosport Canada, and Virginia International Raceway).

TTXGP AMA Mid-Ohio Event - Track ride with Electric Motorsports

Published Date: July 26, 2018 After the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man, the team came to Ohio for the AMA Vintage Motorcycle race event in late July 2009. The purpose was to acquaint the AMA organization with electric motorcycle racing, and in the 2010 season the TTXGP operated as a secondary race event at certain AMA races (Infineon Raceway, Road America in Wisconsin, Mosport Canada, and Virginia International Raceway).

Native Cycles at the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man

Published Date: July 26, 2018 Native Cycles, also known as Electric Motorsport, was an Oakland CA based electric motorcycle maker. They entered in the 2009 TTXGP at the Isle of Man, also attended the TTXGP event at the AMA Vintage Motorcycle Days at the Mid-Ohio race course in July 2009, and participated in part of the 2010 North America TTXGP season. These videos are their participation in the TTXGP. The team intended to bring two bikes to the TTXGP, but only arrived with one after the "Pro-Class Superbike" broke during testing. One of the videos below shows a highway test of that bike in a loop around the San Francisco Bay Area.

Mission Motors at the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man

Published Date: July 26, 2018 In 2009 Mission Motors had all the attention with big claims about an electric superbike, and following the same game plan as Tesla Motors. They took their superbike to the 2009 TTXGP, completed practice rounds, but flubbed big time in the race. The company did later create a more reliable superbike and set lap-speed records at Laguna Seca International Raceway that still stand 6 years later.

Kingston University at the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man

Published Date: July 26, 2018 The initial TTXGP race, during the 2009 TT Week on the Isle of Man, had a huge profile. University teams were a major part of the TTXGP race, and the subsequent TTZERO races in the following years. This is a video diary of the Kingston University team. The videos start in the previous October, when the student team starts stripping the donor chassis, and then visit Steve Labib who had built an electric motorcycle. The bulk of the videos closely examines the design and build process. Unfortunately when it came to race day, the Kingston Univ bike did not finish because a brush in the motor vaporized.

Rider interviews, 2009 TTXGP Isle of Man, published by the TTXGP organization after the qualifying session

Published Date: July 26, 2018 After the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man, the team came to Ohio for the AMA Vintage Motorcycle race event in late July 2009. The purpose was to acquaint the AMA organization with electric motorcycle racing, and in the 2010 season the TTXGP operated as a secondary race event at certain AMA races (Infineon Raceway, Road America in Wisconsin, Mosport Canada, and Virginia International Raceway).

Rob Barber TTXGP race video, 2009 TTXGP Isle of Man, published by the TTXGP organization

Published Date: July 26, 2018 This is commentary of part of the TTXGP lap by the 2009 TTXGP winner Rob Barber.

Bike testing videos at Jurby, 2009 TTXGP Isle of Man, published by the TTXGP organization

Published Date: July 26, 2018 The track at Jurby is used by TT racers for testing the bikes. These videos show TTXGP bike tests at Jurby. These videos include Agni Motors, XXL Rading, Brammo, Native Motorcycles, ManTTX. Plus there is bonus commentary by a couple track marshals who came to Jurby to see what all the fuss is about.

Charge - Official Trailer for documentary on the 2009 TTXGP at the Isle of Man

Published Date: July 26, 2018 Will motorcycle racing always be about gasoline powered motors? To convert the society around us over to electrified transportation, die-hard petrol-heads must be converted and see the utility and power of electric drive trains. The TTXGP was an early attempt to catch the attention of the racing community, and this documentary showed how the TTXGP got to the Isle of Man.

Cedric Lynch Agni TTXGP Electric Motorcycle @ Brooklands Museum Motorcycle Festival

Published Date: July 26, 2018 After the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man, Agni Motors went to the Brooklands Museum Motorcycle Festival to show off the bike. They spent awhile talking with an experienced motorcycle racer, who then rode the bike in a hill climb event and a small track event.

Mission Motors land speed record attempt at Bonneville Salt Flats

Published Date: July 20, 2018 In 2009 after its appearance at the 2009 TTXGP at the Isle of Man, Mission Motors went to the Bonneville Salt Flats for land speed record racing. They achieved a record of 150.059 miles/hr - that was later surpassed by Lightning Motorcycles.

Chip Yates on a first race of electric superbike against gassers

Published Date: July 20, 2018 In 2009-10 Chip Yates had intended to join the 2010 TTXGP North America series but did not do so. In January 2011 Yates did go to a gasoline bike race sponsorec by WERA, a racing association in Southern California.

Chip Yates takes electric superbike to Pikes Peak International Hill Climb

Published Date: July 20, 2018 After going to the Miracle Mile for an unofficial speed record, Chip Yates entered the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb.

Chip Yates takes electric superbike to the Mojave Mile, sets unofficial speed record

Published Date: July 20, 2018 These videos document their trip to the Mojave Mile where they achieved a 190 miles/hr top speed, establishing an informal speed record for electric motorcycles.

Chip Yates switches from electric motorcycle racing to electric airplanes

Published Date: July 20, 2018 In 2009-10 Chip Yates had intended to join the 2010 TTXGP North America series but did not do so. In this video he lies - when the TTXGP said he couldn't enter, it was because the bike was too heavy, not because it was too powerful. Otherwise the point is that Chip Yates went from electric motorcycle racing into building a fast electric airplane.

Chip Yates on bringing an electric superbike from concept to reality

Published Date: July 20, 2018 In 2009-10 Chip Yates had intended to join the 2010 TTXGP North America series but did not do so. These videos document the progression from concept up until the first test on a race track at Infineon Raceway (now known as Sonoma Raceway) in December 2010. That test was in preparation for his scheduled WERA race where he would go head-to-head with gasoline powered motorcycles, Chip Yates on a first race of electric superbike against gassers

Chip Yates takes electric superbike to Bonneville Salt Flats for land speed racing

Published Date: July 20, 2018 After going to the Miracle Mile for an unofficial speed record, Chip Yates entered the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb.

Cross-section view of the Brammo Empulse R - Tech Overview!

Published Date: July 20, 2018 The Empulse R was Brammo's foray into highway-speed mass production electric motorcycles. The company had built a lower-speed electric motorcyle which could barely go on the highway, and they'd developed a ultra-high-power bikes (the Empulse RR) of which a total of two were ever built. This video (from March 2014) goes over the Empulse R components using the cutaway bike they'd built for CES 2014.

Original (2010) Brammo Empulse launch video

Published Date: July 20, 2018 In 2010 Brammo announced the Empulse would deliver 100+ miles/hr and 100+ miles range in 2011 for under $10,000. If they'd delivered this, Zero would have been blown out of the water. Instead Brammo delivered a different bike at a higher price a couple years later, and eventually Brammo went out of business. This 2010 video shows what Brammo had in mind.


Published Date: July 10, 2018 For a short while, the TTXGP electric motorcycle racing series had activity in Europe, North America and Australia. This is a look at the Australian series by an Australian TV show.

CATAVOLT - Electric Motorcycle - Daelim build

Published Date: July 10, 2018 This is the bike Catavolt built for the 2011 season. With two different swing arms, it supports two drive trains for different applications. For land speed racing, it used an extended swing arm with four motors connected shaft-shaft in pairs and driving a common chain to the rear wheel. For track racing, they used a regular swing arm and the Enertrac hub motor.

TTXGP at the Science Museum, Festival of Innovation, following the 2009 Isle of Man event

Published Date: July 10, 2018 This is an exhibition event subsequent to the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man. Clearly it involved some (or all?) of the entrants appearing at an event that included drag racing action against gasoline powered motorcycles. The video starts with a motorcycle labeled Mavizen, but this was before Mavizen unveiled the TTX02 and the bike shown here was completely unlike the TTX02. Next was the Electric Motorsport bike, and another Electric Motorsport bike, - which is curious since they are based in Oakland CA. Next is shown the Agni Motors bike, curiously with "Mavizen" stickers all over its fairings. That bike did not have Mavizen markings when it ran at the 2009 Isle of Man event. This is interesting given that the Mavizen TTX02 design was strongly derived from the Agni bike. Then there is a motorcycle labeled "Electrofit Zapi" that did not run in the Isle of Man race -- this bike is designed for drag racing and would not do well in track racing, but did use the dual-Agni design. For the drag racing, the Agni bike was actually ridden by Cedric Lynch in garb wholly unsuitable for a race track.

TTXGP events before the 2009 TTXGP race on the Isle of Man

Published Date: July 10, 2018 Before getting to the 2009 TTXGP event on the Isle of Man, the TTXGP team held several events to introduce the idea.

Manx Radio reports on 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man

Published Date: July 10, 2018 Manx Radio is the primary radio station for the Isle of Man, and carries the primary coverage of racing action. Hence, anyone listening to the TTXGP or TTZERO races over the Internet is listening to the online stream of Manx Radio. These videos are Manx Radio's broadcast of the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man, the very first electric motorcycle race during TT Week.

Brammo at the 2009 TTXGP on the Isle of Man

Published Date: July 10, 2018 The initial TTXGP race, during the 2009 TT Week on the Isle of Man, had a huge profile. One favorite to win was Brammo, who was sponsored by Best Buy. Best Buy would later start selling Brammo's electric motorcycle in an ill-fated attempt to start electric vehicle sales. These videos are Brammo's view of the TTXGP, from testing their bike(s) at the Thunderhill Raceway to participation in the TTXGP.

The Home Electrical - a 1915 film about electric devices by General Electric

Published Date: July 9, 2018 In the early 1900's electrical devices were the new thing, and the population needed to be convinced about the advantages. The prevailing technology was powered by coal, or natural gas, or kerosene, or manual labor, and our ancestors were likely just as skeptical about electric devices as todays car owners are skeptical about electric cars. This film obviously introduces folks electricity to folks who are unfamiliar with it.

Sandia National Labs developing hydrogen fuel cell boat

Published Date: July 3, 2018 Ships at sea no longer must be powered by Diesel fuel. Research led by Sandia National Labs shows that hydrogen fuel cells can be used instead. An accident need not necessitate spilling toxic polluting diesel fuel into the water, because spilled hydrogen cleans itself up automatically dissipating into the atmosphere with no harm, and the exhaust is not toxic but is instead pure water. The work at present is about designing research vessels that run on hydrogen, but the team is also interested in other vessels. An earlier effort had focused on ferry boats such as are used on San Francisco Bay to shuttle around commuters. The result is the Zero-V research vessel pictured here.

Cummins Announces Acquisition of Electric and Hybrid Powertrain Provider Efficient Drivetrains, Inc. Acquisition Will Accelerate Electrification Capabilities

Published Date: July 3, 2018 Cummins is continuing its move into clean energy technology by acquiring Efficient Drivetrains, Inc., a manufacturer of hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and fully electric drive trains for commercial trucks. Cummins is of course a large manufacturer of big trucks, and is looking to shift towards clean fuels away from the Diesel fuel that normally powers the industry. Earlier Cummins acquired Brammo, a manufacturer of electric motorcycles and energy storage systems, and Johnson Matthey's battery business. Another related announcement is that Cummins is developing both battery-electric and plug-in hybrid drive trains for transit busses.

Nissan cancels sale of its Battery manufacturing business to GSR Capital

Published Date: July 2, 2018

Since launching the LEAF, Nissan's battery packs came from its subsidiary Automotive Energy Supply Corporation (AESC). In August 2017, Nissan announced it would sell that subsidiary to GSR Capital. On July 1, 2018, Nissan announced it was canceling the sale. GSR Capital, a Chinese investment company, was unable to raise the funds by the June 29 deadline. Clearly the batteries made by AESC were not desirable enough to warrant an investment. According to Reuters, Nissan sought to sell its battery business as part of a plan to get lower-cost batteries from other manufacturers, such as LG Chem who supplies sister company Renault. Nissan has talked with other battery manufacturers about purchasing the AESC subsidiary. Panasonic is quoted by Reuters saying they're not interested in buying the manufacturing equipment used by other makers, and that Nissan's formulation is not all that interesting.

SoCal Edison Seeks $760M to Build 48,000 New EV Charging Stations

Published Date: June 27, 2018 Southern California Edison filed a proposal with the California Public Utilities Commission Tuesday, seeking $760 million in ratepayer funds to install 48,000 additional electric-vehicle charging ports over four years. This is an expansion of SCE's existing Charge Ready program, that recently installed its 1000th charging station.

SAE International Releases New Specification (SAE J3068) for Charging of Medium and Heavy Duty Electric Vehicles

Published Date: April 26, 2018 The task of charging a big truck in a reasonable time requires a heavier-duty charging system than the Combo Charging System used in electric cars. A big truck might easily have a 1 megaWatt-hour battery pack, and a reasonable time to recharge might require a half megaWatt charging rate. Those figures are educated guesses. A factor cited in the press release is a requirement for 1000 volt system voltage, which of course requires certain specifications for the wiring.

Volkswagen unveils fully-electric I.D. R Pikes Peak

Published Date: April 23, 2018 Volkswagen Motorsport is seeking to break the existing Pikes Peak International Hill Climb electric car record - 8:57.118 minutes. They're bringing to Pikes Peak what looks like the sort of race car used in endurance racing, but with a fully electric drive train. The drive train supplies 500 kW (650 NM) of power output, a 0-60 miles/hr time of 2.25 seconds, and a top speed of about 150 miles/hr. The Pikes Peak hill-climb race is a twisty mountain route ending at over 14,000 feet at the top of Pikes Peak, in Colorado. The last several years electric vehicles have taken a larger and larger role. Scroll down to the bottom of this for technical specs and a full presentation.

Target’s Charging Up Its Electric Vehicle Program to Reach More Than 20 States

Published Date: April 23, 2018

Takata airbags can decompose and once in that state, if triggered the airbag will spew shrapnel on the passenger causing physical harm and possibly death. This is a big big safety deal, so why is Tesla refusing to replace these airbags for folks who've repaired and rebuilt a Tesla car? For that matter, why is Tesla going out of its way to throw roadblocks in the way of folks who've done so? Repairing and rebuilding cars is a widespread hobby/practice, and other car manufacturers support the rebuilders with parts and diagnostics tools. Not so with Tesla.

Morocco betting big on concentrating solar power, hopes to get half its power from renewables by 2040

Published Date: April 20, 2018 Morocco has no fossil fuels, making renewable energy an attractive alternative to importing fossil fuels. Morocco has over 3000 hours of sunlight every year. The goal is for the country to get half of its power from renewables by 2040. This plant is just the beginning, yet it is already the largest solar project in the world. Coming soon is phase 3, involving a tower surrounded by mirrors that in turn heats a pool of molten salt that supports generating electricity for 7 hours beyond sunset.

Denmark aiming to get 100% of its energy from wind and solar power

Published Date: April 20, 2018 Samso Denmark was the first island powered 100% on renewable energy. They started with wind turbines, lots of them, and produce an excess of wind energy all year long, bringing money to the island. For heating they grow straw, that's burned in centralized boiler plants to send hot water around the island. Denmark as a whole is building massive offshore wind parks. A third of commutes are by bicycle, and there is a tax credit for electric vehicles.

Electrify America installing electric vehicle chargers at more than 100 Walmart locations

Published Date: April 19, 2018

Electrify America is looking to build a nationwide electric vehicle charging network. Some of that network will be at Walmart stores, and will utilize ultra-high-power charging stations running at up to 350 kiloWatts.

Designing and Deploying more than 2,000 Ultra-Fast Electric Vehicle Chargers across the U.S., Electrify America Selects ABB, BTC Power, Efacec and Signet as Charging Equipment Suppliers

Published Date: April 17, 2018

Electrify America is looking to build a nationwide electric vehicle charging network. This describes the charging station vendors.

10th Annual REFUEL EV Track Event is July 1 at WeatherTech Raceway Laguna Seca

Published Date: April 10, 2018 REFUEL is an opportunity to drive an electric car or motorcycle, in race conditions, on one of the pre-eminent race tracks in the USA, the famed WeatherTech Laguna Seca Raceway. It is conducted by a racing school, Speed Ventures, and is a time-trial race meaning participants are racing against the clock and not against each other. This year marks the 10th anniversary of the REFUEL racing event, and the organizers expect a large turnout -- if nothing else, lots of Tesla Model 3's will have been delivered by then, and Model 3 owners might turn out in droves.

Wireless Charging System Developed On Kia Soul EV

Published Date: April 10, 2018 Kia and Mojo Mobility have jointly developed a wireless charging system offering charging speeds up to 10 kiloWatts, at 85% efficiency. Wireless charging does not require the car be plugged into a wired connection for charging, of course, simplifying the charging experience. Instead of transferring electricity over a wired connection, wireless charging uses electromagnetic fields to send electricity to a receptor coil mounted on the car. Five Soul EV's were used in the project, which saw real-world durability, safety and performance testing.

UC Berkeley, CSU Sacramento and Cal Poly Set to Compete Ultra-Energy-Efficient Vehicles at Sonoma Raceway

Published Date: April 10, 2018 The Shell Eco-marathon is coming to Sonoma Raceway, a racetrack that has done more than most to sponsor electric racing activities. While many of the Shell Eco-marathon teams are running on gasoline, and are competing to set high fuel efficiency marks, some are powered on electricity. The Eco-marathon is a chance for student teams to get hands-on engineering experience, in a competitive setting, with the goal being to set the highest energy efficiency. That this is running on a 0.9 mile course says the teams will not use the main track at Sonoma Raceway. Instead there is a go-kart track on the site which looks to fit the description of 0.94 miles with 5 turns.

Tesla denying Takata airbag recall for salvage/rebuild cars

Published Date: April 4, 2018

Takata airbags can decompose and once in that state, if triggered the airbag will spew shrapnel on the passenger causing physical harm and possibly death. This is a big big safety deal, so why is Tesla refusing to replace these airbags for folks who've repaired and rebuilt a Tesla car? For that matter, why is Tesla going out of its way to throw roadblocks in the way of folks who've done so? Repairing and rebuilding cars is a widespread hobby/practice, and other car manufacturers support the rebuilders with parts and diagnostics tools. Not so with Tesla.

Jaguar charges ahead with all-new Electric I-Pace

Published Date: March 21, 2018

In the Niger Delta, a battle is raging between local villagers and the Nigerian government. The villagers have little way to make a living, yet from underneath their feet there are tremendous crude oil reserves that are enriching the oil companies. The locals are running illegal oil refineries in extremely unsafe conditions, and selling fuel on the black market. The Military is attacking the villagers, destroying the refineries.

All these operations are releasing crude oil and refined oil products into the local environment that's directly in contact with the people. Fishermen are complaining their nets are being soiled, and that eating the fish is harming their health.

Health effects of fossil fuel consumption

Cummins and Johnson Matthey Expand Efforts in Electrification Cummins Acquires Johnson Matthey’s Automotive Battery Systems Business; Sign Agreement to Collaborate on eLNO High Energy Battery Materials

Published Date: January 31, 2018 Cummins continues its foray into clean energy technologies with the acquisition of Johnson Matthey, a manufacturer of automotive batteries. Earlier Cummins acquired Brammo, a manufacturer of electric motorcycles and energy storage systems.


Published Date: January 16, 2018

Cisco and Hyundai: Bringing the Next Generation Car to 2019 Production

Published Date: January 12, 2018 Cisco is seeking to do what LG is starting to do for the car industry. Both are electronics giants with expertise in consumer electronics. LG has begun manufacturing automotive components for GM and some other car companies, and now Cisco is beginning to do the same.

Nissan delivers the 300,000th electric vehicle

Published Date: January 8, 2018

2018 Hyundai Ioniq line-up adds versatile and efficient plug-in Hybrid variant to hybrid and electric models

Published Date: December 23, 2017

Hyundai becomes one of the first automakers to offer the same model with 3 or more drive-trains. In theory this gives car purchasers the power of choice. As a plug-in Hybrid the Ioniq offers a paltry 29 miles electric range, which hardly seems attractive.

Jaguar I-Pace tested in Los Angeles ahead of 2018 reveal

Published Date: December 6, 2017

Jaguar shows off the all-electric I-Pace SUV at the Los Angeles Auto Show. The car will be available in production in early 2018, with more details in March 2018.

Volvo Cars to supply tens of thousands of autonomous-drive-compatible cars to Uber

Published Date: November 21, 2017

Uber is taking a step closer to eliminating those pesky humans driving cars for Uber. Volvo is supplying a fleet of cars to Uber, which Uber will use to develop self-driving cars. At the same time Volvo will use the same base vehicle for its own autonomous car development work. What Uber looks to do is to develop cars that drive themselves around a city, so that Uber doesn't have to hire humans to do that work.

KmanAuto's spy shots of the Tesla Semi drive train

Published Date: November 21, 2017

Last week Tesla Motors unveiled the Tesla Semi, and in a "one-more-thing" moment, they also unveiled the Tesla Roadster2. The Semi is perhaps the more important vehicle, and in any case the guy behind the KmanAuto YouTube channel was at the unveiling, and managed to sneak underneath the truck to take this video. The drive train - motors, gearboxes, wiring, etc - was all exposed underneath the truck, and Kman was able to post this 5-minute video tour of the parts. In a second video he demonstrated that the charging port is NOT the same as a Supercharger port, meaning it's gonna be a different charging cable and connector for the MegaCharger.

Volvo Cars to supply tens of thousands of autonomous-drive-compatible cars to Uber

Published Date: November 21, 2017

Eventually all vehicles must be electrified, including police cruisers. Ford is taking a step in that direction by offering a pursuit-rated plug-in hybrid sedan. This car is targeted at personell whose job does not require a pursuit-rated vehicle, though Ford also describes it as being pursuit-rated. There are a number of features for police officers, including "anti-stab plates" which would seemingly mean a metal plate in the driver seat preventing someone in the rear from stabbing the officer through the seat. Ford does have decades of experience in building police cars, and obviously understands what they need. Another interesting feature is a power export outlet in the trunk, presumably to run lights or other equipment off the traction pack without having to idle the gas engine.

Chilicon/Intertek Certifies the CP-250E Micro-Inverter as UL 1741 SA Smart Inverter

Published Date: November 17, 2017

California Rule 21 phase 1 requirements took effect in September 2017, meaning that solar inverter makers are required to achieve UL1741SA certification to continue selling inverters in California. The phase 1 requirements, a.k.a. the autonomous functions, mean that the inverter can automatically, without any intervention by a human, take actions to support the grid in case local grid conditions go wrong. Those functions are as described by Chilicon in the press release below. What's interesting is they could implement the update without changing the control board -- it's just a software change.

Over the next year or two further requirements, phases 2 and 3, will kick in requiring communication across the Internet with cloud systems for command/control of inverter capabilities. The goal is even more support of electricity grid reliability as well as orchestrating energy production and energy storage systems to time-shift electricity produced from renewable resources to other times of the day.

2018 Honda Clarity Plug-in Hybrid pricing announced - $33,400 MSRP

Published Date: November 17, 2017

If Honda had brought this to market in 2011 or 2012 or 2013 we'd be jumping up and down excited about this. As it stands, this isn't any more capable than the Chevy Volt except in two ways -- first, the electric range is a smidgeon longer -- second, and this is actually very important, the charging rate is 6 kiloWatts versus the 3 kiloWatts for most other Plug-in Hybrids. You calculate this by dividing the battery capacity (17 kWh) by the charging time (2.5 hours) and you end up with a number close to 6, meaning it's a 6 kW charging system. Or maybe 5 kW. The point being that the more powerful the charging system the more degrees of autonomy the driver has. Conceivably a driver taking a longer trip might feel more encouraged to plug in and charge the car during the trip, because of more miles of range gained per unit of time, than with a lower-power charging system.

Because it's not 2011-13, this car is (to me) an interesting curiosity. Honda wants us to believe they're really interested in green and minimizing the harmful pollution from the vehicles we drive. But they're behind the game on electric vehicles and instead spent a few years working on fuel cell vehicles rather than battery electric.

This price, base MSRP $33,400, also leaves me a little underwhelmed. At not that much more dollars one can buy a 200 mile range battery EV and not have to put up wth stinking gas car attributes like oil changes and gasoline stations. If that sentence made one say "hey wait a minute, gasoline isn't all that bad, and it lets me take long trips" then this car is for you since it'll let you continue using gasoline as the means to long trips. I apologize, but my point of view is the necessity of switching completely to electricity.

U.S. Subpoenas Icahn Over Biofuel Policy (Renewable Fuel Standard) While Trump Adviser

Published Date: November 8, 2017

Billionaire Carl Icahn is under investigation for double-dealing, a.k.a. personal enrichment, regarding biofuels policy changes he pushed for while an advisor to the Trump Administration. Namely, in December 2016 Icahn joined the Trump Transition team to help shape Trump's regulatory agenda. During the time he was in that role, Icahn pushed for changes in the renewable fuel standard that would have benefited CVR Energy, an independent oil refiner in which Icahn owns a majority share.

ABB helping Iceland beef up fast charging network

Published Date: November 8, 2017

Iceland has wanted to exploit its significant geothermal electricity resources to produce clean electricity to power a clean electric vehicle fleet. ABB and Iceland have teamed up to expand Iceland's fast charging infrastructure to better serve the growing electric vehicle fleet on the island.

Countries like Iceland have a big incentive to switch to renewable energy due to the high cost of importing fossil fuels from elsewhere. Electricity generated from Iceland's abundant geothermal resource is a fraction the cost of imported oil or coal. Twenty years ago Iceland's goal was to be the first full-fledged Hydrogen Economy, but the underlying fuel cell technology is completely impractical for vehicles and is still 5-20 years away. Obviously Iceland has decided to go with electric vehicles to solve their fuel price problem, instead of Hydrogen Fuel Cells.

The plan is to install fifteen Terra 53 dual-protocol DC Fast Charging stations along Iceland's main highway. This highway rings the island and clearly will allow drivers the freedom to drive on electricity pretty much anywhere in Iceland. A trip from Reykjavik to Vallanes, at the other end of Iceland, is about 650 kilometers, and therefore the trip would require several charging stops.

Volkswagen and Google to collaborate on Quantum Computing for improved cars and driving

Published Date: November 7, 2017

Volkswagen and Google are announcing a plan to do some kind of research using Quantum Computing. The focus of the research is said to be "traffic optimization" meaning aids to drivers navigating through cities, "high-performance batteries" meaning using computing resources to guide R&D of high performance battery materials, and "machine learning" as applied to the artificial intelligence required for autonomous driving. It's not clear from the press release how "Quantum Computing" is used in relation to this sort of research. Each of those tasks does require extremely high computational capabilities, and perhaps the team is looking to quantum computing to implement super-computer capabilities within the space constraints of a family car. The autonomous cars I've seen were dominated by the computing equipment being carried on-board, which obviously would be unacceptable for a regular car, meaning that some kind of magic computational wizardry will be required to shrink the enormous computational requirements into a tiny box.

Volkswagen had previously used a Quantum Computer for traffic optimization of 10,000 taxi's in Beijing, China. The are looking at the Google universal quantum computer and are looking to develop algorithms to optimize travel times across an entire city, as well as assigning access to charging stations and parking spots. With such a system, traffic in a city could automatically route around major events, optimize the flow of traffic, and eliminate traffic congestion.

Another development area concerns developing chemical structures in advanced batteries. Computationally designing battery chemistry could conceivably lead to better designs with optimum weight/performance ratios for various target scenarios.

The last area of effort, machine learning, is rather general. The phrase refers to the capability of a program (or system) to link data, analyze relationships and make predictions on this basis. Machine learning is widely used in modern artificial intelligence techniques. Advanced AI systems are a prerequisite for advanced autonomous driving capabilities.

Lamborghini announces stunning all-electric sports car, the Terzo Millennio

Published Date: November 5, 2017

Italian supercar maker Lamborghini has announced an intriguing all-electric supercar, the Terzo Millennio. Large portions of the car will be made of Carbon Fiber with unique new properties. The CF will act as an "accumulator for energy storage", meaning the shell of the car will be part of the battery pack. Further, it will continuously monitor the carbon fiber structures for cracks or damage, and use "self healing chemicals" to perform self healing of the vehicle. It's claimed this will reduce to zero the risks of small cracks propagating further in the carbon fiber structure. It will be an all-wheel-drive car with one electric motor per wheel, and obviously Lamborghini will strive to implement torque vectoring for superiour handling at high speed. They are talking about this as an all-electric super sports car, that's made for future sports car enthusiasts, who will want to take this to race tracks, and who will really appreciate any handling benefits Lamborghini can implement with four-wheel-drive.

Ionity plans 350 kiloWatt fast charging network across Europe

Published Date: November 3, 2017

Europe is pushing ahead on electric vehicle adoption, and this plan is poised to make European electric car manufacturers relavent in the face of advances by Tesla Motors. Tesla has been building its proprietary Supercharger network aiming to have a ubiquitous fast charging network that can only be used by owners of Tesla's automobiles. That network makes Tesla's cars far more attractive than cars built by other automakers. By leapfrogging to a 350 kiloWatt charging rate, these automakers (all of them Combo Charging System proponents) will have a network offering potentially higher speed charging than Tesla's Superchargers. Except, nobody is making a car capable of a 350 kiloWatt charging rate. Going by the number of installed stations, Tesla's Supercharger network is way ahead of this plan which will see a paltry 20 stations installed by the end of 2017, and only 400 stations by the end of 2020. Any expansion of the fast charging network is good.