While having home charging is the most convenient place to charge, many are not allowed to charge at home and therefore don't even get an electric car. Primarily this applies apartment or condominium dwellers, and anywhere else one has inadequate control over the place they live. The typical house owner can hire an electrician, run permits with the city, etc, and install a charging station at their home. Others must plead with a landlord or home owners association, who are unlikely to agree with the request.
You may be asking how to get an electric car charging station at your apartment complex. Or whether it's safe to run an extension cord from your apartment to your assigned parking space. Or whether it's allowed to charge your electric car using that power outlet in the wall of your carport. Unfortunately there aren't good answers.
It comes down to "cost" and that the landlord doubts whether investing in charging stations would recoup their cost. Stereotypical apartment dweller move frequently, what guarantee does the landlord have that spending a few thousand dollars on a charging station will pay off? Likewise, why should the tenant pay for equipment only to leave it behind on their next move? What if the tenant suddenly needs to move in a few months?
Whether apartment/condo dwellers can charge at home is tricky. They don't have the freedom a home-owner has to modify their living space. Instead, the landlord calls the shots and has to approve any modifications.
In some areas laws have been passed or are being considered to pave the way towards requiring charging support in multi-unit dwellings. Government planners are trying to solve this problem by making it so more multi-unit dwellings have charging stations. But is that practical given the many difficult issues and costs getting charging installed at apartment buildings? It may be easier, and more useful for us all, to simply have more public fast charging stations.
A large percentage of people live in multi-unit dwellings (apartments, condominiums or townhouses). Each of these people face extra difficulty owning an electric car. In current conditions, an apartment or condominium dweller attempting electric car ownership can seem foolish. This idea is holding back electric car adoption, especially in areas with a high percentage of multi-unit dwelling occupants.
This situation is all too common. The car is parked under a carport, and it's impossible to run an extension cord to use electricity from inside the apartment.
Parking at the typical apartment complex was designed with no thought tenants would use electricity in their carport space. That makes getting the tenants electricity service to their assigned parking space prohibitively expensive. While the landlord could install electric service in the carports, that creates the complex problem of getting the tenant to pay for the charging service. As a result, very few apartment or condominium complexes have on-site charging support.
A few apartment complexes have installed a few paid charging stations in a corner of the parking area. While that's better than no charging at all, the apartment dweller is unable to reap the monetary benefit of charging at home because of the fee required to use the charging station.
In actuality, it is far from impossible to own an electric car while living in an apartment building where the landlord forbids charging an electric car at home. Life is more difficult, but it is not impossible. One key is to rely on fast charging infrastructure, but that's getting ahead of ourselves.
What's the practical thing an individual can do?
Carefully examine your situation: Try to understand where the electricity runs, and the expense required to add charging service. It's helpful to understand it from the position of the landlord/HOA.
Very few complexes are set up so an extension cord can easily to their parking place. We discussed using charging cords elsewhere, and need to say again that it's extremely important to use a thick extension cord to reduce electrical fire risk. If you do use an extension cord, your charge rate will be limited to the line cord charger. If the extension cord needs to run across a sidewalk, make sure to mitigate the tripping risk.
Get permission first, before dragging an extension cord across the sidewalk and parking lot to your car. If you've carefully thought through the situation, the conversation will be easier. The landlord is likely to want to know
Educate yourself on government policies: The government may be ahead of you, and may have passed laws designed to help apartment dwellers get charging. California has a couple laws on the books.
Look for complexes with charging service: Some landlords have seen the light and have installed charging service. Usually this will incur an extra fee similar to using a public station. This seems to be limited to the higher priced complexes, unfortunately.
Talk with the landlord or HOA: These people need to know that their customer base is interested in charging at home. The more people ask, the more landlords are aware of the need, the more likely they'll see this as a cost of doing business rather than a government mandate. The landlord receives a powerful message when a potential renter walks away because they don't offer charging. Some landlords are open to supporting charging, while others are closed to it.
Suppose you're stubborn enough to want an electric car even though you live in an apartment or condominium complex. An inability to work out an arrangement to charge at home, doesn't mean you're screwed. It means you must rely on public charging stations, and you don't get to enjoy the various luxuries of charging at home.
The charging rate at a fast charging station is enough that the half hour or so to recharge is not overly burdensome. It suggests an electric car ownership model similar to what gasoline car owners do. They can't recharge at home either, and therefore must take time from their lives to find gasoline stations offering a fast refueling experience.
An electric car owner could rely on public fast charging stations just like gasoline car owners rely on gas stations.
CONSIDERATION: The recharge time at a fast charging station (30 minutes to an hour) is still longer than refilling a gas tank.
CONSIDERATION: Fast charging sessions are pricey compared to charging at home. You'll lose the economic benefit of electric cars.
CONSIDERATION: There's a worry that frequent fast charging will hasten battery pack degradation. While that was true for the early model Nissan Leaf's, it's not clear this is true for all electric car models.
These recommendations aren't just theory - it's the story I lived for two years. I'm on my second electric car, and lived for 2 years in a complex (see the picture above) where the landlord did not allow me to charge at home. I've examined the situation every way I can. Most affordable apartment complexes are simply not set up to easily bring electricity to the parking stalls. While it's not difficult to get electricity to the parking stall, the cost would be prohibitive.
Over the past couple years I've examined dozens of apartment complexes, and have talked with many landlords about charging at home. Most said "no" but it was clear they knew of the problem, and home charging was on their mind. Some were supportive, but the electrical infrastructure worked against us. Others were accommodating, willing to allow an extension cord across the sidewalk, or willing to allow use of a power outlet in the parking garage.
Many people in this situation want to just drag an extension cord to their parking space. Unfortunately the typical parking spot is far from the apartment, making an extension cord a hazardous choice. An extension cord running across a sidewalk is a tripping hazard, and the landlord would rightfully get upset.
Maybe you're lucky and there's a safe route that doesn't create a tripping hazard. Hopefully you read the recommendation to use an extension cord with heavy-duty 10 gauge wiring, and know how to do it safely.
If you do it guerrilla style - run the extension cord so it doesn't create a tripping hazard - use a heavy duty extension cord - ensure it has GFCI protection - don't just plug into the landlord's power outlet without permission. All those steps will show seriousity and sensibility, and if the landlord does discover your guerrilla charging setup they may appreciate that you took measures to do so safely.
My personal solution? I'm now paying a bit more to rent a house. The 120 volt outdoors power outlet is way better than having no charging at home, and is sufficient to cover my needs. The extra cost is a hard burden to bear, unfortunately.
But, wait, what about that power outlet in the parking area? It's electricity and it's right there, and you might think it's free, but you'd be "stealing" electricity from the landlord who will rightfully get upset.
It's possible to talk with the landlord and discuss the situation. It helps to do so with confidence, and to knowledgably express how it can be done safely.
The fact is that electric car sales are increasing rapidly. Sooner or later the landlords will begin to commonly see tenants asking for charging at home, even if that's not occurring today. But expect the landlord to be resistant to allowing you to charge at home.